Monthly Archives: April 2014

Calling Girls ‘Fat’ May Increase Their Obesity Risk as Teens

Calling Girls ‘Fat’ May Increase Their Obesity Risk as Teens

April 29, 2014 | By Health Editor

obesity-overweight-fat

TUESDAY, April 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) — When people tell a young girl that she’s fat, that in itself increases her risk of eventually becoming obese, according to a new study.

The study included more than 2,300 young girls in California, Cincinnati and Washington, D.C., who had their height and weight checked at age 10 and again at age 19.

At the start of the study, 58 percent of the girls had been told by a parent, sibling, friend, classmate or teacher that they were too fat. Those girls were 1.66 times more likely to be obese at age 19 than other girls, the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) researchers found.

And the greater the number of people who told a young girl she was fat, the more likely she was to be obese by her late teens, according to the study published online April 28 in the journal JAMA Pediatrics.

“Simply being labeled as too fat has a measurable effect almost a decade later. We nearly fell off our chairs when we discovered this,” study senior author A. Janet Tomiyama, an assistant professor of psychology, said in a UCLA news release.

“Even after we statistically removed the effects of their actual weight, their income, their race [either black or white] and when they reached puberty, the effect remained,” Tomiyama added. “That means it’s not just that heavier girls are called too fat and are still heavy years later — being labeled as too fat is creating an additional likelihood of being obese,” she said.

Although the study found an association between a girl being told she was fat and later risk of obesity, it didn’t prove cause-and-effect.

Being called fat can lead to many behaviors that lead to obesity, explained study co-author Jeffrey Hunger, a graduate student at the University of California, Santa Barbara.

“Being labeled as too fat may lead people to worry about personally experiencing the stigma and discrimination faced by overweight individuals, and recent research suggests that experiencing or anticipating weight stigma increases stress and can lead to overeating,” he said in the news release.

The findings show the dangers of criticizing people for their weight, according to senior author Tomiyama.

“When people feel bad, they tend to eat more, not decide to diet or take a jog,” she said. “Making people feel bad about their weight could increase their levels of the hormone cortisol [the stress hormone], which generally leads to weight gain.”

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has more about healthy weight.



Altruism May Help Shield Teens From Depression: Study

TUESDAY, April 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) — Teens who like to help others may be less likely to develop depression, a new study suggests.

The study included 15- and 16-year-olds who were given three types of tasks: give money to others, keep the money for themselves or take financial risks with the hope of earning a reward.

The researchers monitored activity levels in a brain area called the ventral striatum, which controls feelings of pleasure linked to rewards. The teens were checked for symptoms of depression at the start of the study and a year later.

Activity in the ventral striatum in response to the different types of rewards predicted whether the teens would have an increase or decrease in depression symptoms, according to the study published online recently in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

“If they show higher levels of reward activation in the ventral striatum in the context of the risk-taking task, they show increases in depressive symptoms over time. And if they show higher reward activation in the pro-social context, they show declines in depression,” study author Eva Telzer, a psychology professor at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, said in a university news release.

“This study suggests that if we can somehow redirect adolescents away from risk-taking or self-centered rewards and toward engaging in these more pro-social behaviors, then perhaps that can have a positive impact on their well-being over time,” she added.

Previous research has shown that teens tend to have higher levels of ventral striatum activity, suggesting that they experience the pleasure of rewards more intensely than adults or younger children, according to the news release. Most of that research has focused on the link between ventral striatum activity and risk-taking by teens.

This study shows that ventral striatum activity may also have a positive effect in teens, Telzer said.

More information

The U.S. National Institute of Mental Health has more about the teen brain.


Paramount Elliptical 6.85E

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    Paramount Elliptical 6.85E

    I have a technical question about my paramount 6.85E elliptical. Does anyone know how to change the custom logo on the startup screen? I want to change the logo that comes up. In the owners manual, it says that only a tech can change it. I was wondering if there was an easier way to do it since my elliptical is out of warranty. Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thanks


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first time!!

Hello, I’m 16 and a bit overweight, at 5’10 and 14st 2lbs. I’ve decided to go on TFR Lipotrim to get down to a size 12 (hopefully!) from a size 16 by the end of June, for my prom! I’ve always been a bit on the heavy side, always looking dreadful in photos, it even got so bad that I became clinically depressed.

So now, I’ve decided to take drastic measures and lose lots of weight fast to look good in my prom dress and photos.
I’ve just finished my first day and it was easier during the day, what with being occupied with school, but the evenings are proving to be waaay harder!

But, luckily, I’m highly motivated for this! Will update my progress, my weigh in is next Tuesday.

Induced Labor May Lower Risk for C-Section, Study Finds

MONDAY, April 28, 2014 (HealthDay News) — Pregnant women whose labor is induced are 12 percent less likely to need a cesarean delivery than those whose doctors take a “wait-and-see” approach, a new review of the data shows.

The findings challenge the widely held view that inducing labor actually boosts the odds that a woman will require a C-section, the authors said.

“These findings show that induction is a way to increase the likelihood of a vaginal birth,” wrote a team led by Khalid Khan of Queen Mary University of London in England.

In the study, Khan’s group analyzed 157 studies involving more than 31,000 births. The 12 percent lower risk of cesarean delivery was seen in term or post-term pregnancies that were induced, but not in preterm births, the authors noted.

Inducing labor lowered the chance of cesarean delivery in both high- and low-risk pregnancies, and it also reduced the risk of fetal death and complications in mothers, the findings showed.

The researchers also found that the drug prostaglandin E2 — widely used in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom to induce labor — was linked to a reduced risk of cesarean delivery. However, use of the hormone oxytocin, and amniotomy (the deliberate rupture of the amniotic sac) — also widely used to induce labor — did not lower the chance of C-section.

According to background information from the researchers, labor is induced in about 20 percent of all births, for a number of reasons. But even though prior research has shown that inducing labor cuts the risk of cesarean delivery, many people still believe the opposite.

The review offers “a robust answer to the disputed question of risk of cesarean delivery associated with induction of labor,” Khan and colleagues concluded. They believe the findings may help doctors decide who should be induced and explain to patients the benefits and risks of inducing labor.

Experts were divided on the merits of the new study.

Dr. Joanne Stone, director of maternal-fetal medicine at The Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City, called the research “extremely important.”

She said that most of the studies that have found higher rates of C-section in women who have undergone induced labor have compared those patients to women undergoing spontaneous (un-induced) labor — many of whom had widely varying risk factors.

But Khan’s study compared women whose pregnancies were induced against women with similar pregnancy risk profiles — fetal size, time of gestation, and other factors — who were not necessarily recommended for induction. That makes for a more accurate patient-to-patient comparison, Stone said.

However, Dr. Catherine Herway, assistant director of maternal-fetal medicine at Staten Island University Hospital in New York City, believes the study has flaws.

“The validity of this finding comes into question, as outcomes were lumped together from clinical scenarios covering a potentially wide range of obstetrical management,” she said.

“Data was compiled from studies done spanning the years of 1975 to 2010, pregnancies from 37 to 42 weeks gestation, and from medically indicated as well as elective inductions. Thus, caution should be used when interpreting the results of this study,” Herway stated.

The study was published April 28 in the CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

More information

The March of Dimes has more about inducing labor.


Lack Self-Control? Study Suggests Ritalin May Help

Lack Self-Control? Study Suggests Ritalin May Help

April 28, 2014 | By Health Editor

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FRIDAY, April 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) — Ritalin, a drug used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, may help people maintain self-control so they can stick to a diet or a boring project, a new study suggests.

Despite the findings, you shouldn’t start using Ritalin to assist your self-control, the study authors cautioned. Ritalin is a powerful psychiatric drug that should only be taken with a prescription.

Previous research suggests that maintaining self-control for long stretches of time can deplete that attribute, said the authors of the U.S. National Institutes of Health-funded study.

“It is as if self-control is a limited resource that ‘runs out’ if it is used too much,” lead researcher Chandra Sripada, of the University of Michigan, said in a journal news release. “If we could figure out the brain mechanisms that cause regulatory depletion, then maybe we could find a way to prevent it.”

The researchers decided to see if they could preserve self-control by using Ritalin (methylphenidate). The drug increases levels of the neurotransmitters dopamine and norepinephrine.

The study, published April 22 in the journal Psychological Science, included 108 adults. They took either Ritalin or a placebo an hour before they attempted two consecutive computer-based tasks that tested their self-control. The participants who took Ritalin retained higher levels of self-control in the second test than those who took the placebo.

The results indicate that Ritalin can help prevent depletion of self-control, the researchers said. The drug may do this by giving a boost to specific brain circuits that are normally weakened after maintaining self-control for long periods.

“We want to use this research to better understand the brain mechanisms that lead to depletion of self-control, and what interventions — pharmacological or behavioral — might prevent this,” Sripada said.

More information

The American Psychological Association has more about self-control.